PC Engine / TurboGrafx 16

History

The 80's were the time when videogames and computers market passed through a deep change, and became one of the world's most professional and wealthy business. 8-bit machines (NES, ZX-Spectrum, Master System, MSX) ruled the market then, but the new 16-bit machines started to show their strength.

At that time, specifically in 1987, one of the most charismatic and revolutionary videogame systems of all-time was released in Japan: the PC-ENGINE.

Basically an 8-bit machine, the PC-ENGINE had some very nice specs (256 simultaneous colors on screen, 6 stereo sound channels, among others), allowing softhouses to create incredibly games. In most cases, these games were as good as any produced for Megadrive/Genesis or SNES/Super Famicom.
And this was still during the Hu-Card era. The "Big Boom" came with the advent of CD-Player. PC-ENGINE was the first videogame system to use the high storage capacity of a CD for games. Due to NEC's visionary attitude, the CD become, from then on, the standard media for videogames.
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PC Engine First Model
PC Engine second model
(with single speed cd-rom)
TurboGrafx 16 (US Model)
CD-Rom and Cartridge

Technical Specs

CPU CPU: 8-bit HuC6280A, a modified 65SC02 (a separate branch from the 65C02, of the original MOS 6502) running at 1.79 or 7.16 MHz (switchable by software).
Features integrated bankswitching hardware (driving a 21-bit external address bus from a 6502-compatible 16-bit address bus), an integrated general-purpose I/O port, a timer, block transfer instructions, and dedicated move instructions for communicating with the HuC6270A VDC.
RAM 8KB
ROM ?
VIDEO GPU: A dual graphics processor setup.
One 16-bit HuC6260 Video Color Encoder (VCE),
and one 16-bit HuC6270A Video Display Controller (VDC).
The HuC6270A featured Port-based I/O similar to the TMS99xx VDP family.
Lowres: 256239
Highres: 512224
256 colors (out of a 512)
AUDIO 6 channel stereo
EXTERNAL STORAGE Cartridges and CD-ROM's (depending on the model)
 

Screenshots

     
 Alien Crush (1988)
R-Type (1988)
PC KID (1989)



 Turrican (1991)
Parodius (1992)
Bomberman '93 (1992)

Emulators

   
HU-GO http://www.zeograd.com/ Download
Magic Engine
http://www.magicengine.com/
Download
XPCE http://www.geocities.co.jp/SiliconValley/7052/index-e.html

CPU: 8-bit HuC6280A, a modified 65SC02 (a separate branch from the 65C02, of the original MOS 6502) running at 1.79 or 7.16 MHz (switchable by software). Features integrated bankswitching hardware (driving a 21-bit external address bus from a 6502-compatible 16-bit address bus), an integrated general-purpose I/O port, a timer, block transfer instructions, and dedicated move instructions for communicating with the HuC6270A VDC.